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Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries


The Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries (CFOI) is an injury surveillance program sponsored by the U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) that collects data on all workplace deaths due to injury in the United States. CFOI provides the public, employers and occupational safety professionals with comprehensive data surrounding fatal occupational injuries. CFOI data include injury related deaths and do not include illness related deaths unless it was precipitated by an injury.

CFOI uses diverse state, federal, and independent data sources to identify, verify, and describe fatal work injuries. These sources include, but are not limited to: death certificates, worker’s compensation claims, OSHA (Occupational Safety and Health Administration) reports, Coroner/Medical Examiner reports, traffic crash reports, agriculture reports, media reports, online sites (i.e. worker’s memorials, accident blogs). Each case must have a minimum of two source documents to verify the workplace fatality.  In 2013, over 500 source documents were reviewed in Ohio as part of the data collection process.

Ohio contributes data to the BLS where it is combined with other state data and used to establish and evaluate occupational safety programs and policies. Funding for the CFOI program comes from the BLS with a 100 percent funding match requirement for the states.

The CFOI program collects a variety of data elements that are published in summary format related to occupational fatalities.  Data on the characteristics of the injury are collected and coded using the Occupational Injury and Illness Classification System (OICCS), which is a consistent set of classifications of the circumstances of the characteristics associated with workplace injuries, illnesses, and fatalities.  The OIICS manual consists of five classifications to describe each incident that led to a serious nonfatal injury or illness or fatal injury. These five classifications are: nature – the physical characteristics of the disabling injury or illness, such as cuts and lacerations, fractures, sprains and strains, or electrocution; part of body affected – the part of body directly linked to the nature of injury or illness cited, such as finger, arm, back, or body systems; event or exposure – the manner in which the injury of illness was produced or inflicted, such as transportation incidents, falls, slips, trips, caught in equipment, or violence; source – the object, substance, exposure, or bodily motion that was responsible for producing or inflicting the disabling condition, such as machinery, ground, electrical wiring, or vehicle; and secondary source – the object, substance, or person, if any, that generated the source of injury or illness that contributed to the event or exposure, such as ice or water that contributed to a fall. Occupation data is based on the Standard Occupation Classification System (SOC), and industry data is based on the North American Classification System (NAICS).


Fatal Occupational Injuries in Ohio

In 2013, the total number of fatal occupational injuries recorded in Ohio was 149.

Occupation:  The largest number of workplace fatalities in 2013 occurred among persons working in transportation and material moving occupations (27 percent).  Construction and extraction occupations accounted for 18 percent of fatalities and management occupations accounted for 15 percent.

Industry: The largest number of workplace fatalities in 2013 occurred in the trade, transportation, and utility industry, accounting for 30 percent of total fatalities.  The natural resources and mining industry had the second highest number of workplace fatalities (15 percent), followed by the construction industry and the manufacturing industry, each with 13 percent.  Private industry jobs accounted for 94 percent of 2013 fatalities.  Service providing jobs accounted for 54 percent of workplace fatalities and goods producing jobs accounted for 40 percent of fatalities.  There were 9 public sector fatalities (6 percent).

Event or exposure: In 2013, 35 percent of fatal occupational injuries were from transportation incidents; 22 percent from falls, trips, and slips; 20 percent from contact with objects and equipment; 15 percent from homicides and suicides; 5 percent from exposure to harmful substances or environments; and 3 percent from fires and explosions. 

Location:  In 2013, workplace fatalities occurred most often on a street or highway (28 percent), followed by industrial place and premises (27 percent), then a public building (16 percent).

Gender:  Men account for the vast majority of 2013 workplace fatalities (91 percent). 

Age:  Eighty-two percent of workplace fatalities in 2013 occurred in persons 35 and older.

Race/ethnicity: The majority of 2011 workplace fatalities occurred among White, non-Hispanic (85 percent).


Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries Data



Detailed CFOI data tables for the US, Ohio, and other states can be obtained at the BLS Web site:


Page updated 07/09/2015