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Health Insurance Coverage in Ohio, 1999-2001

Three reports summarizing the latest available information about health insurance coverage in Ohio were recently released by the Ohio Department of Health, Center for Public Health Data and Statistics:

  • Health Insurance Coverage in Ohio, 1999-2001 reveals that 11 percent or 1.25 million Ohioans were uninsured in 2001, up from 10 percent in 1999.  However, Ohio's uninsured rate remained significantly below the U.S. average and was consistent with most other Midwestern states. The percentage of working age Ohio adults with job-based coverage declined significantly. Nearly one of four poor and near-poor Ohio residents were without coverage. Asian, Black, and Hispanic Ohioans were much more likely to be uninsured than White residents, and young adults were more likely to be uninsured than older adults. The percentage of Ohio residents in poor or fair health who were without coverage declined from 12 percent to 8 percent. Small business employees had much lower coverage rates through work and consequently much higher uninsured rates than their counterparts in large firms.

     

  • Children's Health Insurance Coverage in Ohio, 1999-2001 reports that Medicaid coverage for children increased significantly while job-based coverage declined.  Eight percent of Ohio children were without coverage in both 1999 and 2001. Although most low-income children were covered by Medicaid in 2001, 15 percent were uninsured, and two-thirds of all uninsured Ohio children lived in low-income families. The disparity in uninsured rates between White and Black children narrowed substantially between 1999 and 2001. Adolescents were most likely and pre-school children least likely to be without coverage.

     

  • Employer Sponsored Health Insurance Coverage in Ohio, 2000 notes that two-thirds of Ohio's private sector employers offered health insurance coverage to some or all employees. Ohio's offer rate was significantly higher than most other Midwestern states. About one of five workers were not eligible for their employer's health plan, and about one of ten were eligible but not enrolled. Only about half of Ohio's small businesses offered coverage, compared to nearly all large establishments. Most part-time workers and about half of all workers at low-wage firms did not have access to a health plan through their employer. In addition, most retirees did not have access to coverage from a former employer. Offer, eligibility, and coverage rates varied widely by industry.  Total premiums and required premium contributions for employees both increased substantially from 1999 to 2000.

Rising unemployment and double-digit premium increases during the past two years suggest that Ohio along with the rest of the country is experiencing further erosion of job-based coverage.

 Last Updated 7/20/2006