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Undecided about Pregnancy - Nutrition and Fitness


  • Scope: U.S. women of reproductive age have high rates of obesity, overweight, and eating disorders that in turn leads to nutritional deficiencies.

    • Common deficiencies in women of reproductive age include: iron (11%), Hypovitaminosis D (42% non-Hispanic blacks, 4.2% non-Hispanic whites), and <400mcg folic acid daily (81% non-Hispanic blacks, 79% Hispanics, 60% non-Hispanic whites) (National Health and Nutrition Examination)

    • U.S. women of reproductive age who are overweight – 25%, obese – 23%.

    • Social determinants of health including low-income, are at high risk of having these nutritional deficiencies because of lack of access, resources, etc.  

    • Preconception Significance: The woman’s nutritional status and physical fitness are major influences of her pregnancy outcomes affecting: fertility, birth defects, low birth weight, pre-term delivery, maternal complications (diabetes, hypertension), increased cesarean section rates.

    • Risk Identification Strategies: General intake of women’s nutritional status through BMI measurements, evaluation of diets and physical activity levels.

Page Updated: 8/14/2017