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Not (PIC)turing Pregnancy - Mental Health

  • Mental health stability of both the mother and father is important for the child; however, disorders can affect men and women differently.

  • Mental health includes anxiety, ADHD, bipolar, personality disorders, depression, eating disorders and schizophrenia.

  • This is page provides a limited list, to learn about other mental health disorders visit the National Institute for Mental Health link at the bottom of the page.
   

Depression - What is it?  

A mood disorder that affects brain chemistry and changes emotions, sleep patterns, issues concentrating, restlessness or thoughts of suicide.

 

Impact:

  • Most disorders are treated with antidepressant medication however use of certain drugs are of concern if you were to get pregnant.

  • Depression can lead to other risky behavior that can have negative effects on a pregnancy.

  • These include substance use, suicidal thoughts, and a decline in nutrition.

  • Depression also increases the risk for premature labor and low birth weight babies.

 

Risk: If you were to get pregnant, previous depression increases the risk of depression during pregnancy and postpartum depression after pregnancy.

 

Recommendation: Talk with a healthcare provider to ensure that medicines you are taking is beneficial to your mental and reproductive health status. Do not stop taking your current medications unless a doctor tells you to. Continue to use birth control so you don’t have an unwanted pregnancy and have discussed these points with a healthcare provider.

 

Major Depression During Conception and Pregnancy- Women’s Mental Health

https://womensmentalhealth.org/wp-content/uploads/2008/04/mdd_guide.pdf

Depression-CDC

https://www.cdc.gov/mentalhealth/basics/mental-illness/depression.htm

 


 

Bipolar Disorder - What is it?

A mood disorder that includes depression with mania or hypomania. In most cases, it occurs in the reproductive years

 

Impact:

  • Bipolar disorder could get worse if you were to get pregnant.

  • Bipolar disorder can lead to depression and other risky behavior.

  • These include substance use, suicidal thoughts, and a decline in nutrition.

  • Depression also increases the risk for premature labor and low birth weight babies if you were to get pregnant.

Risk:

  • Previous bipolar disorder

  • Pregnancy

  • Being in reproductive years

Recommendation: Monitored by healthcare providers in all stages of pregnancy. Talk with a healthcare provider to ensure that medicines you are taking is beneficial to your mental and reproductive health status. Do not stop taking your current medications unless a doctor tells you to. Continue to use birth control until you have discussed these points with a healthcare provider and to avoid an unwanted pregnancy.

 

Bipolar Disorder- CDC

https://www.cdc.gov/mentalhealth/basics/mental-illness/bipolar.htm

 


 

Schizophrenia - What is It?

This is a mood disorder that changes how a person perceives the world, thinks and acts. Schizophrenia causes the person to have difficulties interacting in the world. There may be multiple causes to schizophrenia.


Impact
:

  • Tends to result in an overall lack of enthusiasm or emotion.

  • Results in withdrawal from social aspects of life due to disordered thinking, speech and behaviors.

  • If you were to get pregnant it can result in low birth weight and premature births as well as increased risk of death for mother and child.

Risk:

  • Substance use and low socioeconomic status

  • Increased risk of diabetes mellitus due to antipsychotic medications


Recommendation: If you were to get pregnant you should be monitored by healthcare providers in all stages of pregnancy. Talk with a healthcare provider to ensure that medicines you are taking is beneficial to your mental and reproductive health status. Do not stop taking your current medications unless a doctor tells you to. Continue to use birth control until you have discussed these points with a healthcare provider.

Schizophrenia-National Institute of Mental Health

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/statistics/prevalence/schizophrenia.shtml

 

To Learn More About All Mental Health Disorders-National Institute of Mental Health
https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/index.shtml

 


Page Updated: 8/7/2017