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(PIC)turing Pregnancy - Sexually Transmitted Infections and Diseases

Good reproductive health prior to conception can help reduce your risk of infant mortality which may result from different infectious diseases, nutrition and care. The Ohio infant death rate is currently 7.2 infant deaths per 1000 live births. Approximately half of infant deaths are due to preterm birth in Ohio and about 15 percent are due to birth defects (both are often a complication of infectious diseases).


Make sure that not only you but also your partner is also tested and healthy before trying to conceive.


Sexually transmitted infections may result in poor reproductive health (e.g. infertility) and pregnancy outcomes (e.g. miscarriage, mother to child transmission). If addressed before pregnancy, further risk to maternal and child health can be prevented.


Vaccinating yourself will provide your child with early protection as well. Certain vaccines should be taken before, during or after pregnancy.


Not all treatments for infectious diseases are safe during pregnancy. Know your infectious disease status in order to know which treatments should take place before pregnancy and ensure proper conception use during treatment to prevent unexpected pregnancy.


Your healthcare provider can assess your risks and make suggestions by looking at your medical and sexual history. This will include questions about past sexual activities/partners, immunization history and any current medications or treatments. Assessing these risks before pregnancy can help you make a plan to optimize health before you are ready to conceive.


Take Action

Understand that the majority of STIs are asymptomatic and you could be unaware you have the infection. Be sure to get screened and tested if there is any possibility based on sexual behavior.


Are you immunized for the following?

  • Influenza

  • Hepatitis B

  • Rubella (this is a vaccine that is only safe if taken 3 months before pregnancy)

  • Varicella (this is a vaccine that is only safe if taken 1month before pregnancy)

  • Tdap

Do you know your risk for infectious diseases?

Have you been screened for infectious diseases?

Do you know how to minimize the risk of getting a STI?

Do you need to be tested for specific STIs?

Page Updated: 8/7/2017