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Cancer Types

In Ohio, in 2010, the American Cancer Society estimates that 64,450 new cases of invasive cancer will be diagnosed, including approximately 10,710 cases of lung cancer; 8,280 cases of female breast cancer; 8,010 cases of prostate cancer; and 5,960 cases of colorectal cancer. It is also estimated that 24,980 cancer deaths will occur in Ohio in 2010 with the following sites/types accounting for the majority of deaths: lung and bronchus (7,260 deaths); colon and rectum (2,280 deaths); female breast (1,730 deaths); and pancreas (1,530 deaths).

In the US, men and women have about a 1 in 3 lifetime risk of developing invasive cancer. Cancer may be diagnosed at any age, although it is mostly a disease of middle-aged and senior citizens. About 78 percent of all cancers are diagnosed at 55 and older, making age a very important risk factor.

Although a number of people are diagnosed with invasive cancer each year, the five-year relative survival probability for all cancers diagnosed between 1999 and 2006 is 68 percent, up from 50 percent in 1975-1977, in part due to improvements in early detection and treatment.

What is Cancer?

Cancer is a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth and spread of abnormal cells. Normal body cells grow, divide and die in an orderly fashion. Cancer cells continue to grow and divide; and can spread to other parts of the body. These cells form tumors that may compress, invade, and destroy normal tissue. If the cells break away from a tumor, the can travel (metastasize) through the blood or the lymph system to other areas of the body where they may settle and form new tumors. Different types of cancer vary in their rates of growth, patterns of spread and responses to different types of treatment.

The categories below provide more information on the most frequently occurring cancer in Ohio:



Colon and Rectum

Leukemia, Lymphoma and Myeloma

Lung and Bronchus





Last Reviewed 10/13/2016