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Office of Health Preparedness

Get a Kit. Make a Plan. Be Informed.

When disaster hits, your family needs to be ready. A disaster may require sheltering-in-place at home or evacuating to an emergency shelter or other form of temporary housing. Use these resources from to make your kit, build your plan and be informed.


Get a Kit
You may need to survive on your own after an emergency. This means having your own food, water, and other supplies in sufficient quantity to last for at least three days. Local officials and relief workers will be on the scene after a disaster, but they cannot reach everyone immediately. You could get help in hours, or it might take days. In addition, basic services such as electricity, gas, water, sewage treatment, and telephones may be cut off for days. The following items are recommended for a basic emergency supply kit:

  • Water, one gallon of water per person per day for at least three days, for drinking and sanitation
  • Food, at least a three-day supply of non-perishable food
  • Battery-powered or hand crank radio and a NOAA Weather Radio with tone alert and extra batteries for both
  • Flashlight and extra batteries
  • First aid kit
  • Whistle to signal for help
  • Dust mask, to help filter contaminated air and plastic sheeting and duct tape to shelter-in-place
  • Moist towelettes, garbage bags and plastic ties for personal sanitation
  • Wrench or pliers to turn off utilities
  • Can opener for food (if kit contains canned food)
  • Local maps
  • Cell phone with chargers, inverter or solar charger

Print a kit supply list


Make a Plan
Before an emergency happens, sit down together as a family and decide how you will get in contact with each other, where you will go and what you will do in an emergency. Keep a copy of this plan in your emergency supply kit or another safe place where you can access it in the event of a disaster.

Emergency Plan 

It’s important to reassess your situation. Your emergency plan needs to grow and change just as your life changes. Has an elderly parent moved into your home? Is someone in your family temporarily disabled due to recent surgery or accident? Learn more about special needs in the time of disaster.


Be Informed
Some of the things you can do to prepare for the unexpected, such as making an emergency supply kit and developing a family communications plan, are the same for both a natural or man-made emergency.

However, there are important differences among potential emergencies that will impact the decisions you make and the actions you take. Learn more about the potential emergencies that could happen in Ohio.


Reviewed 9/20/2016