Lead Poisoning Prevention - Children
Lead can damage nearly every system in the human body, and has harmful effects on both adults and children. Lead poisoning is the greatest environmental threat to children in Ohio.
The Ohio Healthy Homes and Lead Poisoning Prevention Program (OHHLPPP) provides program funding, public and professional education, public health lead investigations, case management, data collection and analysis. The program addresses the needs of lead-poisoned children from birth through 72 months of age. The program assists family members, medical care providers and other community members to reduce and prevent lead poisoning. OHHLPPP recognizes that children under the age of 36 months are at greatest risk for lead poisoning.
This program is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) for childhood lead poisoning-prevention efforts in Ohio. OHHLPPP receives all blood lead laboratory reports on Ohio resident children and contributes to the national database on lead poisoning. The program also promotes the national lead poisoning prevention guidelines set forth by the CDC.
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Lead Poisoning - Adults
Lead can damage nearly every system in the human body, and has harmful effects on both adults and children. The high presence of lead in our society makes it necessary to keep track of exposures to keep the public safe and healthy.
The Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program is responsible for monitoring and maintaining the results of all blood lead tests conducted on all persons 16 years or older who reside or work in the state of Ohio. Laboratories and physicians are required to report lead results to the Ohio Department of Health (ODH) with blood lead levels; patient information (sex, age information, job title, etc.), patient address and phone number, health care provider, and employer information.
Once ODH receives these results, it will collect, analyze and report the data on adult blood lead levels by:
- Measuring progress in achieving Healthy People 2020 objective to reduce the number of persons who have elevated blood lead concentrations from work exposures.
- Publishing periodic reports summarizing the findings of the registry.
- Providing reports to local health departments of workers in their area who have an elevated blood lead level to support local efforts to prevent take-home lead poisoning.
- Producing bi-annual data files for the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Adult Blood Lead Epidemiology and Surveillance (ABLES) program.
- Responding to data requests from state and local health departments, health care providers, researchers, and others for more detailed information about lead poisoning.
ODH will also use the results to:
- Identify new exposures and failures in prevention.
- Provide referrals to agencies that target on-site inspections of work sites.
- Conduct follow-up with physicians, workers, and employers for blood lead levels (BLL) greater than 25 µg/dl.
The Ohio ABLES program is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention/National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), which provides financial and technical assistance to participating states.
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Lead Poisoning - Abatement
The ODH Lead Poisoning Prevention Program ensures that the public receives safe and proper lead abatement, detection, and analytical services by requiring those services to be conducted according to federal and state regulations, and by trained and licensed personnel. As of October 1, 1998, the lead program was authorized by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to administer and enforce the lead licensure and approval program in Ohio. The program licenses lead risk assessors, lead abatement contractors, lead abatement workers, lead inspectors, and lead abatement project designers. In addition, the lead program approves initial and refresher lead training courses for the following professionals: lead abatement worker, lead inspector, lead risk assessor, lead abatement contractor, and lead abatement project designer. The program approves abatement systems and products (encapsulants), clinical laboratories that analyze blood lead levels in humans and environmental lead analytical laboratories that analyze the amount of lead in the environment.
All lead risk assessors, lead inspectors, and clearance technicians are required to submit a monthly summary to the ODH every month on a form prescribed by the director (the online form meets this requirement).
The lead program provides high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) vacuums for loan to the general public through health and housing agencies. The program also provides information and educational pamphlets about lead poisoning and its prevention upon request. The program conducts training sessions for lead professionals, training providers, landlords, tenants, real estate agents, remodelers, licensed personnel, medical personnel and the general public.
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