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Local Health Departments

The public health system in Ohio is comprised of the Ohio Department of Health, 118 local health departments (LHDs), health care providers, and public health stakeholders that work together to promote and protect the health of all Ohioans.

Local health departments, like school districts, maintain independent governance, but often work together, along with the state and federal public health agencies. Depending on the type of health district (county or city jurisdiction), funding comes from the support of their community through levies, city general operating funds, contracts, county government, and inside millage. To help support local health departments, ODH receives funds from federal agencies, state general revenue, and other sources and distributes many of these funds through contracts and grants that contribute toward public health programs and services. ODH also provides technical support, laboratory services, and other critical services to aid local health department efforts.

Local health departments strive to promote health by preventing and controlling disease, injury and disability. Services that may be provided by a local health department may include immunization clinics, well-baby visits, pre-natal, health screenings, dental, health promotion activities, disease surveillance and other services and programs. Local health departments work to implement core environmental health programs such as food safety, pool, campgrounds, and water, as well as other environmental programs such as smoking, lead and asthma.  Ohio residents and businesses are encouraged to contact their local health department regarding environmental health concerns.

Local Health Departments are governed by Chapter 3709 of the Ohio Revised Code (ORC) and Chapter 3701-36 of the Ohio Administrative Code (OAC).

Last updated: 4/14/2017