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Bureau of Infectious Diseases

MicroorganismsPrograms within the Bureau of Infectious Diseases collect, investigate, analyze and distribute information on the incidence and prevalence of general infectious diseases, health events, zoonotic and vector-borne diseases and vaccine-preventable diseases in Ohio.




Immunization Program

The goal of the Immunization Program is to reduce and eliminate vaccine-preventable diseases among Ohio's children, adolescents and adults. The Immunization Program provides the following services:Syringe

  • Administers the Vaccines for Children (VFC) program
  • Developed and maintains the statewide immunization registry
  • Provides grants to improve immunization levels and vaccine use
  • Offers a wide range of training, education and technical support to health departments and health care providers
  • Provides vaccine to birthing hospitals to emphasize the importance of hepatitis B prevention
  • Works with health care providers to prevent the spread of vaccine-preventable diseases and improve immunization rates

Outbreak Response and Bioterrorism Investigation Team (ORBIT)

The Outbreak Response and Bioterrorism Investigation Team (ORBIT) conducts surveillance and investigation for infectious diseases, healthcare-associated infections and bioterrorism incidents in Ohio.  This includes most reportable infectious diseases other than sexually transmitted diseases, tuberculosis and HIV/AIDS.

Situational Monitoring and Event Detection (SMED)

The Situational Monitoring and Event Detection (SMED) Unit at the Ohio Department of Health detects and tracks health events such as pandemic influenza, bioterrorism, disease outbreaks, seasonal illness, injuries and environmental exposures by montoring and analyzing the health-seeking behavior of Ohio's population.

Zoonotic Disease Program

The Zoonotic Disease Program is focused on preventing transmission of diseases from animals to humans.  Zoonotic diseases include:Baby Poultry

  • Those which can be directly transmitted from animals to humans (e.g., rabies)
  • Diseases that can be acquired indirectly by humans through ingestion, inhalation or contact with infected animal products, soil, water or other environmental surfaces which have been contaminated with animal waste or a dead animal (e.g., leptospirosis, anthrax)
  • Vector-borne diseases which require a mosquito or other arthropod to transmit disease from animals to humans (e.g., St. Louis encephalitis, Rocky Mountain spotted fever, West Nile Virus)


Last updated:  09/03/13