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What is a Pond as it relates to a Private Water System?Pond used as a private water system

A "Pond"  is a man-made excavation at the ground surface that  collects surface water to be used for the purpose of providing water for human consumption (see Ohio Administrative Code rule 3701-28-01(WW)). 

As per Ohio Administrative Code rule 3701-28-14(B),"The pond and the watershed shall be under the complete control of one pond owner and the watershed shall be located on a parcel or parcels under one deed with the dwelling to which it is supplying water. If control of the watershed can not be maintained on parcels under the same deed then other private water system sources shall be considered. The board of health shall not consider a variance to this rule."  

Rules and FAQs regarding Ponds

      Subject      OAC Rule(s)      FAQs       PowerPoints 
  Pond construction    3701-28-14    FAQ14    PPT12,13,14,15,16 
  Continuous Disinfection and Cyst Reduction Filtration    3701-28-14 (H) thru (Q)    FAQ14FAQ15    PPT12,13,14,15,16 

Plans for Continuous Disinfection and Filtration for Ponds

      Design Plan 
  Design for Pond Systems - Coagulation, Chemical Disinfection 
  Design for Pond Systems - Chemical Disinfection without Coagulation 
  • Both methods are acceptable for use with pond systems. 
  • If there are concerns about Harmful Algal Blooms (HABs), refer to the Health Assessment fact sheet "Pond Water - Drinking Water Treatment of Blue-Green Algae."

Guides and Resources regarding Pond systems construction

Forms, Labels, and Registration

  • Forms (page for permit forms, contractor forms, LHD forms, registration forms)

     Form      Link
Permit Application with Site Plan Form
Additional Plans Form
Job Status/Completion Form for Cisterns Form
Job Status/Completion Form for Continuous Disinfection and Filtration Form
Labels for Filters, Retention Tanks, Coagulation Tanks Labels
Labels for Disinfection Solution Tank Warning Labels
Labels for Replacement Filter Cartridges Labels
  Registration to Construct a Pond as a Private Water System    Registration Forms

Additional Guides and Fact Sheets

     Subject        Fact Sheet or Website Link
  Harmful Algal Blooms   Blue-Green Algae/Cyanobacteria Harmful Algal Bloom (HABs)
  Blue-Green Algae in Ponds   Drinking Water Treatment of Blue-Green Algae 
  Coliform Bacteria   Total & Fecal Coliform Fact Sheet
  Droughts     Private Water Systems and Droughts fact sheet 
  E. coli    E. coli Fact Sheet
  Microbiological Standards   Microbiological Standards for Private Water Systems in Ohio
  Power Outages    Private Water Systems and Power Outages fact sheet
  Precipitation    Ohio Department of Natural Resources - Precipitation In Ohio 


Page reviewed: 9/2/2014