Gestational Diabetes is a type of diabetes that is first seen in a pregnant woman who did not have diabetes before she was pregnant. Some women develop gestational diabetes in the middle of pregnancy. Doctors usually test for it between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy.
What happens after pregnancy? Although this form of diabetes usually disappears after the birth of the baby, women who have had gestational diabetes have a 40 to 60 percent chance of developing type 2 diabetes within 5 to 10 years. Maintaining a reasonable body weight and being physically active may help prevent development of type 2 diabetes. About 3 to 8 percent of pregnant women in the United States develop gestational diabetes.
As with type 2 diabetes, gestational diabetes occurs more often in some ethnic groups and among women with a family history of diabetes. Gestational diabetes is caused by the hormones of pregnancy or a shortage of insulin. Women with gestational diabetes may not experience any symptoms.
For More Information
For more information about gestational diabetes please visit the following links:
American Diabetes Association
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
GDM Fact Sheet
Last Reviewed 03/23/2017