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Type 1 Diabetes

Previously known as juvenile-onset diabetes, type 1 diabetes is a chronic disease in which the pancreas does not produce insulin. The disease usually develops in children and young adults but can occur at any age, when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the insulin producing cells in the pancreas. The cause of developing Type 1 diabetes is unknown, however it is believed that there are both genetic and environmental factors that may trigger the onset (Source: JDRF). There is no known way to prevent type 1 diabetes however the disease can be managed through daily insulin injections, blood glucose monitoring, eating healthfully and adequate exercise.

What Causes Type 1 Diabetes?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) the causes of type 1 diabetes appear to be much different than those for type 2 diabetes, though the exact mechanisms for developing both diseases are unknown. The appearance of type 1 diabetes is suspected to follow exposure to an "environmental trigger," such as an unidentified virus, stimulating an immune attack against the beta cells of the pancreas (that produce insulin) in some genetically predisposed people.

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Last Updated: 2/16/2017