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Ebola Virus DiseaseEbola Virus

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Ebola virus disease (EVD), previously known as "Ebola hemorrhagic fever," is one of several viral hemorrhagic fevers.  Ebola was first reported in 1976 in the area now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  The current outbreak is the first in West Africa and the largest in history.  It has spread widely in Guinea, Liberia and Sierra Leone, with additional cases in Italy, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Spain, the United Kingdom and the United States.  There have been more than 27,000 total cases and more than 11,000 deaths.

Ebola has been diagnosed in the United States, but no cases have been diagnosed in Ohio to date.

Ebola is spread through direct contact with:

  1. The blood or body fluids of a person who is sick with Ebola
  2. Objects (like needles) that have been contaminated with the blood or body fluids of a person sick with Ebola
  3. Touching the body of someone who has died from Ebola

Ebola is not spread by air or water.  In Africa, Ebola can be spread through the handling of infected wild animals and bats.

If you have questions, please see the resources below.  If you think you have been exposed to Ebola, please call your healthcare provider or your local health department and be prepared to discuss your symptoms and travel history.


Last updated:  8/5/2015